Infectious Disease after a Disaster

Flood waters and standing waters pose various risks, including infectious diseases, chemical hazards, and injuries. To prevent the spread of disease, follow these steps for personal hygiene and handwashing after a disaster or emergency. 

Diseases associated with exposure to contaminated water:

Crypto

Diseases associated with contaminated food or water:

Toxoplasmosis

Vibrio cholera (non-O1 & non-O139)

Diseases associated with exposure to contaminated sewage:

Enteroviruses

Diseases associated with contaminated hands, food, or sewage:

E coli

Giardia:

Norovirus:

Shigellosis:

Disease associated with contaminated soil:

Leptospirosis

Disease found in crowded conditions with poor hygiene:

MRSA

Contamination of open wounds:

Tetanus

Extended or prolonged water exposure:

Trench foot

Standing water - spread by infected mosquitoes:

WNV